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Mind of the Outsider

In 1956, author Colin Wilson set about studying the mind of various artists, writers and philosophers, which included Vincent van Gogh, H. G. Wells, Franz Kafka, William Blake, Albert Camus, T. S. Eliot and Ernest Hemingway. While investigating the personality of these men, Wilson observed that they possessed psychology quite different from the people around […]

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Seeing things as they are

Buddhism is quite different from all other major religions. While other religions offer to its followers the answers to metaphysical questions and doctrines to devote oneself to, Buddhism presents to those interested primarily a different way of seeing things. This is because Buddhists say that the Buddha was first and foremost interested in the human […]

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Seneca on Adversity

When his friend Lucilius asked why good people suffer from misfortune, the Roman philosopher Seneca answered that nothing bad can happen to a good person. Seneca tells Lucilius that a good person is one who lives a virtuous life; and that the virtuous person is one who accepts what fate hands them and is calm […]

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The fear of knowing

The American psychologist Abraham Maslow suggested that there exists, in many of us, a general feeling of dread towards being curious and acquiring knowledge. Maslow stated that to avoid anxiety, many people refuse to learn about the world and their place in it. He called this phenomenon the ‘Fear of Knowing’. According to Maslow, there […]

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A sacred need for Silence

In the Christian religion, speaking in a way that is unrestrained and indiscriminate is considered morally evil. According to the bible, for “every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment”. But Christianity is just one of the many religions that have a bleak assessment of those […]

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An attitude for an absurd world

The philosopher Albert Camus said that “there is but one truly serious philosophical problem and that is suicide”. According to Camus, the fundamental question that philosophy should try to answer is whether life is worth living or not. Many people choose to die when they believe that life is not worth living and so we […]

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What the Stoics thought about Anger

The philosophy of Stoicism focuses on minimising the amount of negative emotions in the mind. One of these undesired emotions is anger, which the Stoics believed to be a state of brief insanity. One that does damage to our mental health. Everyone experiences anger and there are some situations where anger seems the only way […]

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Stoic techniques for tranquility

Stoicism is a school of philosophy that was founded in ancient Greece in the 3rd century BC. Members of Stoicism, also known as Stoics, teach that by using one’s rational mind to understand our role in the natural world and how to act in it, we can be virtuous individuals. The founder of Stoicism, Zeno […]

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Finding meaning in difficult moments

The will to meaning Victor Frankl was a Jewish psychiatrist and the founder of a type of therapy called logotherapy. In 1945, Frankl was arrested by Nazi officials and became a prisoner in the concentration camps of the Holocaust. His possessions were destroyed and his whole family were murdered. He suffered from intense hunger and […]